Periodontology

Periodontology

What is Periodontology?

Periodontology is the specialty of dentistry relating to the prevention and treatment of diseases that affect the gums and the dental bone.

Periodontal disease, which manifests itself through chronic bacterial infections such as gingivitis and periodontitis, must be controlled in a timely manner to avoid serious consequences for oral health.

Treatment stages

The treatment of periodontal disease involves prevention, by removing plaque:

Oral Assessment
Observation exam for diagnosis definition
Dental procedure
Plaque removal to eliminate infection
Surgical Intervention
Only in complex cases where it is not possible to treat the root
Post-treatment care
Reinforcement of oral hygiene routine and regular visits to the dentist
Causes
There are several risk factors that contribute to the development of periodontal disease:
Genetic factors:
It has been scientifically proven that more than 30% of the population can be genetically susceptible to gum disease.
Systemic Diseases
Individuals who suffer from diseases that affect the immune system are more susceptible to having oral health problems.
Smoking
Smokers are at increased risk of developing and feeding the disease.
Medicines
Some drugs, such as oral contraceptives and antidepressants, can affect oral health.
Stress
Studies show that stress can weaken protection against possible infections, including periodontal diseases.
Bruxism
Teeth-grinding puts pressure on the surrounding areas, accelerating the destruction of periodontal tissues.
Pregnancy
Hormonal changes that occur throughout pregnancy can affect various tissues in the body, including the mouth.
Malnutrition
Poor or insufficient nutrition can affect the immune system and contribute to the development of infections.

At CEROA, the Oral Assessment Consultation is free of charge.

Periodontal disease begins with an inflammation of the gums, which can evolve and reach the dental bone, which results in weakening of the teeth.
Associated symptoms:
Swelling
Swelling
Bleeding
Bleeding
Sensitive teeth
Sensitive teeth
Gum retraction
Gum retraction
Bad breath
Bad breath
Wobbly teeth
Wobbly teeth
Care

Prevention

Periodontal disease is one of the main causes of tooth loss and, therefore, it is important that prevention be done through the removal of plaque, with the routine use of a toothbrush and floss and regular visits to the dentist.

Tooth preservation

To this end, the treatment aims to eliminate pain caused by the infection, with the aim of saving the tooth and preventing inflammation that could potentially be dangerous to oral health.

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